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Summary of Some 
Agents and Methods of Euthanasia

Agent Comments
Air embolism Air embolism may be accompanied by convulsions, opisthotonos, and vocalization. If used, it should be done only in anesthetized animals
Blow to the head Unacceptable for most species
Burning Chemical or thermal burning of an animal is not an acceptable method of euthanasia
Chloral hydrate Unacceptable in dogs, cats, and small mammals
Chloroform Chloroform is a known hepatotoxin and suspected carcinogen, and therefore hazardous to personnel
Cyanide Cyanide poses an extreme danger to personnel and the manner of death is aesthetically objectionable.
Decompression Decompression is unacceptable for euthanasia because of numerous disadvantages. (1) Many chambers are designed to produce decompression at a rate 15 to 60 times faster than that recommended as optimum for animals, resulting in pain and distress due to expanding gases trapped in body cavities. (2) Immature animals are tolerant of hypoxia, and longer periods of decompression are required before respiration ceases. (3) Accidental recompression, with recovery of injured animals can occur. (4) Bloating, bleeding, vomiting, convulsions, urination, and defecation, which are aesthetically unpleasant, may occur in the unconscious animals.
Drowning Drowning is not a means of euthanasia is inhumane.
Exsanguination Because of the anxiety associated with extreme hypovolemia, exsanguination should be done only in sedated, stunned, or anesthetized animals.
Formalin Direct immersion of an animal into formalin, as a means of euthanasia, is inhumane
Household products and solvents Acetone, quaternary compounds (including CCl4), laxatives, clove oil, dimethylketone, quaternary ammonium products, antacids, and other commercial and household products or solvents are not acceptable agents for euthanasia
Hypothermia Hypothermia is not an appropriate method of euthanasia
Neuromuscular blocking agents (Nicotine, magnesium sulfate, potassium chloride all curariform agents) When used alone, these drugs all cause respiratory arrest before, unconsciousness, so the animal may perceive pain after it is immobilized
Rapid freezing Rapid freezing as a sole means of euthanasia is not considered to be humane. If used, animals should be anesthetized prior to freezing.
Strychnine Strychnine causes violent convulsions and painful muscle contractions
Stunning Stunning may render an animal unconscious, but it is not a method of euthanasia (except for neonatal animals with thin craniums). If used, it must be followed by a method to ensure death

Ohio Cruelty to Animals Statutes



No owner or keeper of a dog, cat, or other domestic animal, shall abandon such animal.


No person shall maliciously, or willfully, and without the consent of the owner, kill or injure a horse, mare, foal, filly, jack, mule, sheep, goat, cow, steer, bull, heifer, ass, ox, swine, dog, cat, or other domestic animal that is the property of another. This section does not apply to a licensed veterinarian acting in an official capacity.


No person shall maliciously, or willfully and without the consent of the owner, administer poison, except a licensed veterinarian acting in such capacity, to a horse, mare, foal, filly, jack, mule, sheep, goat, cow, steer, bull, heifer, ass, ox, swine, dog, cat, poultry, or any other domestic animal that is the property of another; and no person shall, willfully and without the consent of the owner, place any poisoned food where it may be easily found and eaten by any of such animals, either upon his own lands or the lands of another.


Sections 959.02 and 959.03 of the Revised Code do not extend to a person killing or injuring an animal or attempting to do so while endeavoring to prevent it from trespassing upon his enclosure, or while it is so trespassing, or while driving it away from his premises; provided within fifteen days thereafter, payment is made for damages done to such animal by such killing or injuring, less the actual amount of damage done by such animal while so trespassing, or a sufficient sum of money is deposited with the nearest judge of a county court or judge of a municipal court having jurisdiction within such time to cover such damages. Such deposit shall remain in the custody of such judge until there is a determination of the damages resulting from such killing or injury and from such trespass. Such judge and his bondsmen shall be responsible for the safekeeping of such money and for the payment thereof as for money collected upon a judgment.


No person shall administer to any animal within forty-eight hours prior to the time that the animal competes at a fair or exhibition conducted by a county or independent agricultural society authorized under Chapter 1711. of the Revised Code or by the Ohio expositions commission any drug or medicament not specifically permitted under rules of the state racing commission promulgated pursuant to Chapter 3769. of the Revised Code or under rules of the society, in respect to a county or independent agricultural society, or of the Ohio expositions commission, in respect to the Ohio state fair. This section does not apply to any horse racing meeting conducted under a permit issued pursuant to Chapter 3769. of the Revised Code.


(A) No person shall destroy any domestic animal by the use of a high altitude decompression chamber or by any method other than a method that immediately and painlessly renders the domestic animal initially unconscious and subsequently dead.

(B) This section does not apply to or prohibit the slaughtering of livestock under Chapter 945. of the Revised Code, or the taking of any wild animal, as defined in section 1531.01 of the Revised Code, when taken in accordance with Chapter 1533. of the Revised Code.



(A) No person shall:

(1) Torture an animal, deprive one of necessary sustenance, unnecessarily or cruelly beat, needlessly mutilate or kill, or impound or confine an animal without supplying it during such confinement with a sufficient quantity of good wholesome food and water;

(2) Impound or confine an animal without affording it, during such confinement, access to shelter from wind, rain, snow, or excessive direct sunlight if it can reasonably be expected that the animal would otherwise become sick or in some other way suffer. Division (A)(2) of this section does not apply to animals impounded or confined prior to slaughter. For the purpose of this section, shelter means a man-made enclosure, windbreak, sunshade, or natural windbreak or sunshade that is developed from the earth's contour, tree development, or vegetation.

(3) Carry or convey an animal in a cruel or inhuman manner;

(4) Keep animals other than cattle, poultry or fowl, swine, sheep, or goats in an enclosure without wholesome exercise and change of air, nor or [sic] feed cows on food that produces impure or unwholesome milk;

(5) Detain livestock in railroad cars or compartments longer than twenty-eight hours after they are so placed without supplying them with necessary food, water, and attention, nor permit such stock to be so crowded as to overlie, crush, wound, or kill each other.

(B) Upon the written request of the owner or person in custody of any particular shipment of livestock, which written request shall be separate and apart from any printed bill of lading or other railroad form, the length of time in which such livestock may be detained in any cars or compartments without food, water, and attention, may be extended to thirty-six hours without penalty therefor. This section does not prevent the dehorning of cattle.

(C) All fines collected for violations of this section shall be paid to the society or association for the prevention of cruelty to animals, if there be such in the county, township, or municipal corporation where such violation occurred.



As used in sections 1717.01 to 1717.14, inclusive, of the Revised Code, and in every law relating to animals:

(A) "Animal" includes every living dumb creature;

(B) "Cruelty," "torment," and "torture" include every act, omission, or neglect by which unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering is caused, permitted, or allowed to continue, when there is a reasonable remedy or relief;

(C) "Owner" and "person" include corporations. For the purpose of this section the knowledge and acts of the agents and employees of a corporation, in regard to animals transported, owned, or employed by, or in the custody of, such agents and employees, are the knowledge and acts of the corporation.


The objects of the Ohio humane society, and all societies organized under section 1717.05 of the Revised Code, shall be the inculcation of humane principles and the enforcement of laws for the prevention of cruelty, especially to children and animals. To promote those objects such societies may acquire property, real or personal, by purchase or gift. All property acquired by such a society, by gift, devise, or bequest, for special purposes, shall be vested in its board of trustees, which shall consist of three members elected by the society. The board shall manage such property and apply it in accordance with the terms of the gift, devise, or bequest, and may sell it and reinvest the proceeds.


The state society for the prevention of cruelty to animals shall remain a body corporate, under the name of "the Ohio humane society," with the powers, privileges, immunities, and duties possessed before March 21, 1887, by the state society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, specified by sections 1717.01 to 1717.14, inclusive, of the Revised Code, as to county humane societies.

Branches of the Ohio humane society consisting of not less than ten members each may be organized in any part of the state to prosecute the work of the societies in their several localities, under rules and regulations prescribed by the Ohio humane society. Humane societies organized in any county under section 1717.05 of the Revised Code may become branches of the Ohio humane society by resolution adopted at a meeting called for that purpose, a copy of which resolution shall be forwarded to the secretary of state.

The Ohio humane society may elect such officers, and make such rules, regulations, and bylaws, as are deemed expedient by its members for their own government and the proper management of its affairs.


The Ohio humane society may appoint agents, in any county where no active county humane society exists under section 1717.05 of the Revised Code, to represent it and to receive and account for all funds coming to it from fines or otherwise, and may also appoint agents at large to prosecute its work throughout the state. Such agents may arrest any person found violating any law for the protection of persons or animals, or the prevention of cruelty thereto. Upon making such arrest the agent forthwith shall convey the person arrested before some court or magistrate having jurisdiction of the offense, and there make complaint against him.

Such agents shall not make such arrests within a municipal corporation unless their appointment has been approved by the mayor of the municipal corporation, or within a county beyond the limits of a municipal corporation unless their appointment has been approved by the probate judge of the county. Such mayor or probate judge shall keep a record of such appointments.


A society for the prevention of acts of cruelty to animals may be organized in any county by the association of not less than seven persons.

The members of such society, at a meeting called for the purpose, shall elect not less than three of their members as its board of directors, and such directors shall continue in office until their successors are duly chosen.

The secretary or clerk of such meeting shall make a true record of the proceedings thereat and certify and forward such record to the secretary of state, who shall record it. Such record shall contain the name by which the association is to be known, and from and after its filing with the secretary of state the board of directors and the associates, and their successors, shall have the powers, privileges, and immunities incident to incorporated companies. A copy of such record, certified by the secretary of state, shall be taken in all courts and places in this state as evidence that such society is a duly organized and incorporated body.

Such society may elect such officers, and make such rules, regulations, and bylaws, as are deemed expedient by its members for its own government and the proper management of its affairs.


A county humane society organized under section 1717.05 of the Revised Code may appoint agents, who are residents of the county or municipal corporation for which the appointment is made, for the purpose of prosecuting any person guilty of an act of cruelty to persons or animals. Such agents may arrest any person found violating sections 1717.01 to 1717.14, inclusive, of the Revised Code, or any other law for protecting persons or animals or preventing acts of cruelty thereto. Upon making such arrest the agent forthwith shall convey the person arrested before some court or magistrate having jurisdiction of the offense, and there make complaint against him on oath or affirmation of the offense.

All appointments of agents under this section shall be approved by the mayor of the municipal corporation for which they are made. If the society exists outside a municipal corporation, such appointments shall be approved by the probate judge of the county for which they are made. Such mayor or probate judge shall keep a record of such appointments.


Upon the approval by the mayor of a municipal corporation of the appointment of an agent under section 1717.06 of the Revised Code, the legislative authority of such municipal corporation shall pay monthly to such agent, from the general revenue fund of the municipal corporation, such salary as the legislative authority deems just and reasonable. Upon the approval by the probate judge of a county of such an appointment, the board of county commissioners of such county shall pay monthly to such agent, from the general revenue fund of the county, such salary as the board deems just and reasonable. Such board and such legislative authority may agree upon the amount each is to pay such agent monthly. The salary to be paid monthly to such agent by the legislative authority of a village shall be not less than five dollars; by the legislative authority of a city, not less than twenty dollars; and by the board of county commissioners of a county, not less than twenty-five dollars. Not more than one such agent in each county shall receive remuneration from the board under this section.


An officer, agent, or member of the Ohio humane society or of a county humane society may interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty to animals in his presence, may use such force as is necessary to prevent it, and to that end may summon to his aid any bystanders.


A member of the Ohio humane society or of a county humane society may require the sheriff of any county, the constable of any township, the marshal or a policeman of any municipal corporation, or any agent of such a society, to arrest any person found violating the laws in relation to cruelty to persons or animals, and to take possession of any animal cruelly treated in their respective counties or municipal corporations, and deliver such animal to the proper officers of the society.

1717.10 FEES

For all services rendered in carrying out sections 1717.01 to 1717.14, inclusive, of the Revised Code, a sheriff, constable, marshal, or policeman shall be paid such fees as he is allowed for like services in other cases. Such fees must be charged as costs, and reimbursed to the humane society by the person convicted.


A person guilty of cruelty to an animal which is the property of another shall be liable to the owner of the animal in damages, in addition to the penalties prescribed by law.


The conviction of an agent or employee of cruelty to animals does not bar an action for cruelty to animals against his employer for allowing a state of facts to exist which will induce cruelty to animals on the part of such agent or employee.


When, in order to protect any animal from neglect, it is necessary to take possession of it, any person may do so. When an animal is impounded or confined, and continues without necessary food, water, or proper attention for more than fifteen successive hours, any person may, as often as is necessary, enter any place in which the animal is impounded or confined and supply it with necessary food, water, and attention, so long as it remains there, or, if necessary or convenient, he may remove such animal; and he shall not be liable to an action for such entry. In all cases the owner or custodian of such animal, if known to such person, immediately shall be notified by him of such action. If the owner or custodian is unknown to such person, and cannot with reasonable effort be ascertained by him, such animal shall be considered an estray and dealt with as such.

The necessary expenses for food and attention given to an animal under this section may be collected from the owner of such animal, and the animal shall not be exempt from levy and sale upon execution issued upon a judgment for such expenses.



The board of county commissioners may, at the end of each year, make a yearly appropriation to the county humane society from the general fund of the county of such funds as the board deems reasonable. Such funds are to supplement any gifts, funds received from the dog and kennel fund, and any other funds received by the society and are to be used to carry out the activities of the society.



A humane society or its agent may employ an attorney, and may also employ one or more assistant attorneys to prosecute violations of law relating to:

(A) Prevention of cruelty to animals or children;

(B) Abandonment, nonsupport, or ill-treatment of a child by its parent;

(C) Employment of a child under fourteen years of age in public exhibitions or vocations injurious to health, life, or morals or which cause or permit such child to suffer unnecessary physical or mental pain;

(D) Neglect or refusal of an adult to support destitute parent. Such attorneys shall be paid out of the county treasury in an amount approved as just and reasonable by the board of county commissioners of that county.



When complaint is made, on oath or affirmation to a judge or magistrate, that the complainant believes that the law relating to or affecting animals is being, or is about to be violated in a particular building or place, such judge or magistrate shall forthwith issue and deliver a warrant, directed to any sheriff, deputy sheriff, marshal, deputy marshal, watchman, police officer, or agent of a society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, authorizing him to enter and search such building or place and arrest all persons there violating, or attempting to violate, such law, and bring such persons before a judge or magistrate within the county within which such offense has been committed. An attempt to violate such law relating to animals is a violation thereof.

Reviewed by AAHS in September 2001.


Have you ever seen someone hurting an animal and felt like you couldn't do anything to stop it? Well, read on -- there are important ways that you can speak up.

Get Help! If you see someone hurting an animal, or know of an animal who looks sick, injured or does not have adequate food, water or shelter, it's important to get help fast. Never try to help the animal yourself. Instead, tell an adult. Together, you and an adult can call the police or your local animal shelter. It's very important to inform the police because animal cruelty is illegal in all 50 states.

Write Everything Down! Be prepared to provide information on the cruelty that you witnessed. Write down what you saw happen, who was involved, the date of incident and where it took place.

Be Responsible! Don't let your animal friends roam free. Keep your cats indoors. Dogs should always be on leash and supervised when they're outside.

Be a Leader! Be kind to animals and others will follow. Let your family, friends, classmates and adults know that hurting animals is not cool.

Volunteer Your Time! You're never too young to volunteer your time helping animals. Contact your local animal shelter or humane society for junior volunteer programs. For a list of shelters in your area, search our National Shelter Directory.

Spread the Word! Share facts and information about the prevention of animal cruelty and responsible pet care with your friends, family, teachers, neighbors and classmates.

Invite a Guest Speaker to Your School. Ask your teacher to have someone from your local animal shelter or humane society come and speak to your school and classmates. These awesome animal lovers teach kids all kinds of things such as pet care, dog bite prevention, how to pet a dog and how to stop cruelty.

Take Action Now! Join the ASPCA Advocacy Brigade and fight for animal laws that protect animals.

Start a Club! With the help of one of your teachers, organize an animal lovers' club at your school.

Check It Out! In order to stop animal abuse, we need to understand WHY people are cruel to animals. Click here to read more about this.

You can see the ASPCA's own animal cops in action on Animal Precinct, a show on Animal Planet.


Get the Facts on Puppy Mills

puppy mills
2002 Whim Whams Illustration Studio
Puppy mills are breeding facilities that produce purebred puppies in large numbers. The puppies are sold either directly to the public via the Internet, newspaper ads, at the mill itself, or are sold to brokers and pet shops across the country. Puppy mills have long concerned The Humane Society of the United States.

The documented problems of puppy mills include overbreeding, inbreeding, minimal veterinary care, poor quality of food and shelter, lack of socialization with humans, overcrowded cages, and the killing of unwanted animals. To the unwitting consumer, this situation frequently means buying a puppy facing an array of immediate veterinary problems or harboring genetically borne diseases that do not appear until years later. In 1994, Time magazine estimated that as many as 25% of purebred dogs were afflicted with serious genetic problems.

Sadly, some dogs are forced to live in puppy mills for their entire lives. They are kept there for one reason only: to produce more puppies. Repeatedly bred, many of these "brood bitches" are killed once their reproductive capacity wanes.

Thousands of these breeding operations currently exist in the United States, many of them despite repeated violations of the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA). The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is charged with enforcing the AWA; however, with 96 inspectors nationwide who oversee not only the thousands of puppy mills, but also zoos, circuses, laboratories, and animals transported via commercial airlines, they are an agency stretched thin.

The HSUS, along with other animal-protection groups, has successfully lobbied for increased funding for AWA enforcement. Although all 50 states have anti-cruelty laws that should prevent neglect and mistreatment of dogs in puppy mills, such laws are seldom enforced.

The Pet Store Link

The HSUS strongly opposes the sale, through pet shops and similar outlets, of puppies and dogs from mass-breeding establishments. Puppy-mill dogs are the "inventory" of these retail operations. Statistics from the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council (PIJAC) indicate that approximately 3,500 to 3,700 of the 11,500 to 12,000 U.S. pet stores sell cats and dogs. PIJAC also estimates that pet stores sell 300,000 to 400,000 puppies every year. The HSUS estimates the number to be 500,000.

Purebreed registration papers only state the recorded lineage of a dog. Accuracy of the reported lineage cannot be guaranteed. The American Kennel Club (AKC), the most widely recognized purebred dog registry, readily notes that it "is not itself involved in the sale of dogs and cannot therefore guarantee the health and quality of dogs in its registry." Clearly, it is "buyer beware."

The "Retail Pet Store" Exemption Problem

The USDA has never required dealers who sell their animals directly to the public to apply for licenses, regardless of the size of the operation. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) excludes "retail pet stores" from its minimum humane care and handling requirements, and it is the USDA's position that these dealers are retail pet stores. However, many think that a person breeding animals on his own premises and selling them directly to consumers is not a "retail pet store."

Each year American consumers purchase dogs from unregulated dealers who sell animals from their premises. Many of the animals are sold through newspaper advertisements and via the Internet, which means the purchaser can't see the conditions in which the dogs live. A number of investigative reports, however, have revealed that these facilities can be horrific. Thirty-five years ago, Congress passed the AWA to, in part, ensure that breeders provide humane treatment to animals in their care. AWA requirements include adequate housing, ample food and water, reasonable handling, basic disease prevention, decent sanitation, and sufficient ventilation.

On May 11, 2000, a coalition of animal protection organizations and individuals filed a lawsuit charging the USDA with failing to halt cruel and inhumane practices at breeding facilities. The plaintiffs outlined the USDA's illegal actions in exempting pet dealers who were not retail stores from compliance with the humane treatment standards mandated by the AWA. The complaint also described how the USDA's lack of appropriate application of the AWA can lead to the injury, illness, and death of untold numbers of animals.

On July 31, 2001, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that the language and history of the AWA clearly show that an individual who sells dogs and cats from his or her own premises is not a "retail pet store." Thus, the court found that USDA's exclusion of all commercial dealers who sell dogs and cats directly to the public is in violation of Congress' express intent under the AWA.

Upon appeal by the USDA, the decision was overturned. This strikes a huge blow against the effort to protect all dogs in large scale breeding facilities. Because of USDA's appeal, dogs who are used in such breeding operations, and whose puppies are sold directly to the public, have no protection under the Animal Welfare Act. Animal protection groups have petitioned the Supreme Court to request the case be heard. The HSUS's Role

The HSUS has been fighting a relentless battle against puppy mills since the early 1980s, including monitoring the USDA's performance in this area and pushing for better AWA enforcement.

In 1984, the General Accounting Office, the investigative agency of the U.S. Congress, found major deficiencies in the enforcement of the AWA regulations concerning puppy mills. Despite improvements in its inspection process, the USDA lacks the resources to effectively enforce these regulations.

In 1990, frustrated by the apathy of federal and state officials, The HSUS led a nationwide boycott of puppies from the seven worst puppy mill states: Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania. The boycott captured a great deal of national media attention, including numerous newspaper articles and television reports on shows such as 20/20, Good Morning, America, and The Today Show.

Raids on puppy mills subsequently took place in Kansas, where the state legislature, attempting to protect recalcitrant puppy mill operators by hampering investigators, enacted a law making it a felony to photograph a puppy mill facility.

Lemon Laws

As the horror of puppy mills gained attention, some states responded with "lemon laws" to protect consumers who buy puppies. As of August 2001, 17 states had enacted laws or issued regulations that allow consumers to receive refunds or the reimbursement of veterinary bills when a sick puppy is purchased. While these laws place a limited onus on pet stores and puppy mills to sell healthy puppies, and theoretically improve conditions at the breeding facilities, The HSUS feels that they do not adequately protect the animals who suffer in these establishments.

Latest Developments and HSUS Action

Facing an unreliable regulatory environment and legislatures unwilling to pass statutes that directly combat the problem of mass breeders and their nationwide network of dealers, The HSUS continues to target the consumer for its anti-puppy-mill messages. Consumer demand for purebred puppies, more than any other factor, perpetuates the misery of puppy mills.

Unfortunately, a dog's lifespan is often longer than a consumer's desire to maintain this "product." As a result, millions of dogs are sent to animal shelters every year, where roughly half will be euthanized. The HSUS estimates that one in four of the dogs that enter U.S. animal shelters is purebred.

What You Can Do

To close down puppy mills and ensure the safety and humane treatment of dogs trapped in commercial kennels, you can:

  • Encourage state and federal officials to stop the mass production and exportation of sick and traumatized dogs. In addition to passing new laws, legislators can demand that existing laws be enforced.
  • Urge other people not to buy puppies from pet stores, over the Internet, or from newspaper ads.
  • Write letters to the editor about puppy mills and pet stores. Explain the mills' inhumane treatment of puppies and their contribution to pet overpopulation.
  • Visit a local pet store to determine where it obtains its puppies. Don't be misled by claims that its dogs were not bred in puppy mills. Insist on seeing breed registry papers or the interstate health certificate for each puppy. The papers will list the breeder's and/or wholesaler's name and address.
  • Contact your member of the U.S. House of Representatives and your two U.S. Senators, asking them to urge the USDA to strictly enforce the Animal Welfare Act and to support efforts to increase funding for USDA/Animal Care. Members of Congress can be contacted at: The Honorable _______________, U.S. Capitol, Washington, DC 20510.
  • File a Breeder Complaint Form if your new puppy appears to be suffering from a medical condition.

Stop Animal Cruelty


Cruelty to animals should be a felony offense.
Both animals and people benefit when abusers are brought
into the criminal justice system for sentencing or treatment.
Fifteen states have already enacted felony cruelty laws.

The State of Illinois says in The Humane Care for Animals Act ,"(70/3)
Owner's duties. Each owner shall provide for each of his animals:

(A) Sufficient quantity of good quality, wholesome food and water.
(B) Adequate shelter and protection from the weather.
(C) Veterinary care when needed to prevent suffering;
(D) Humane care and treatment.
(E) No person or owner may bear, cruelly treat, torment,
starve, over work or otherwise abuse any animal.
No owner may abandon any animal where it may become a
public charge or may suffer injury, hungry or exposure.
(F)Aggravated cruelty. No person may intentionally commit
an act that causes a companion animal to suffer serious injury or death.


If children are acting callous towards animal life
take it seriously. Don't shrug off any act (either with words of with action)
of violence. Also listen carefully to children when they talk about their
companion animals. If they are talking about animal neglect and abuse
in their home , they too are probably suffering the same.

According to the Latham Foundation, investigators found animal abuse
in 88% of families suspected of child abuse.

Children often will not disclose abuse towards themselves
but will when it happens to others they care about.

Animal abuse in violent homes can take many forms:
parents who are abusive may kill ,or threaten to kill, pets to
intimidate children into sexual abuse, to remain silent about
abuse, or simply to psychologically torture them.

Battered women are afraid to leave violent homes because of
the fear that their partners will kill the animals, or because
there is no one to take care of the animals if they leave.

Disturbed children kill animals to rehearse their own suicide,
or to pre-empt an abusive parent from killing the pet.

Signs of animal abuse and neglect include malnutrition, scars
and open wounds, a filthy environment and lack of shelter.
Other signs that may be an indication of abuse is animals that
cower when you approach them and excessive aggression.

Thanks are due to THE NUZZLED NETWORK
for all the valuable information stated above.




"One of the most dangerous things that can happen to a child is to
kill or torture an animal and get away with it."
~ Anthropologist Margaret Mead ~

JEFFREY L. DAHMER: Serial Killer, Sexual Deviant
Dahmer confessed to killing, dismembering and, in some cases, cannibalizing,
17 men and boys. As a child, Dahmer impaled frogs,
decapitated dogs, and staked cats to trees in his backyard.
Dahmer was convicted to death but before the sentence was carried
out he was killed by another inmate in 1994.

TED BUNDY: Serial Killer, Rapist
Bundy killed numerous females who looked liked a woman for which he
had a passion. In the 1970's he brought fear to college campuses
in many states after killing 3 women in the Chi Omega sorority house
at Florida State University. He was ultimately convicted of two killings, but is
suspected of murdering over 40 females, primarily in the northwest.
During his childhood he witnessed his father's brutality toward animals
and he himself tortured animals. Bundy was executed in Florida.

RICHARD ALLEN DAVIS: Accused killer and rapist of 12 year old Polly Klaas
Davis has been charged with the kidnapping of Polly Klass, 12, from her own
home, raping and strangling her. As a 14-year-old he set cats on fire and
used dogs as target to practice knife-throwing. In 1993 he was charged
with the shooting death of Marlene Voris 20 years ago. "When he was little
it was animals. When he got bigger it was people.' said Zak Backet a neighbor.

CHARLES JASON BALDWIN (16): Killed three 8 year-old-boys
These three teenage boys were arrested in 1993 for the brutal murder of three
8-year old boys in West Memphis. The three young boys were lured
into the woods, beaten into unconsciousness, one was sexually mutilated,
another raped, and all three killed. For some time prior to the killing, the
three teenagers were involved in satanic-type rituals. During an initiation
ceremony they killed dogs, skinned them, and ate their flesh. Echols was
also carrying a head of a cat with him.

EARL KENNETH SHRINER: Sexual Predator, Killer, and Rapist
Shriner used threats to lure a 7-year-old boy into a wooded area in
Washington state where he raped him, cut off his- penis, choked him,
stabbed him in the back and neck, and left him for dead. At the age of 16,
he confessed to the killing of a teen-age girl. Police say he *was a man
who put firecrackers in the anuses; of dogs and strung up cats."
He was committed to a state mental hospital after several incidents,
including the slaughter of nearly two dozen chickens.

ERIC SMITH: Adolescent Killer of 4-year-old boy
When Eric Smith was 13 years old, he bludgeoned 4-year-old Derrick Robic
to death and was charged with murder. Four years prior to the killing
of Derrick, Smith killed the neighbor's cat with a gardenhose. There are no
specific reasons why he killed the little boy or the cat.

THOMAS LEE DILLION: Murderer and Suspected Serial killer
Dillion is said to be a serial killer. Dillion admitted to the shooting of Gary Bradly
in 1992, while both were hunting. Dillion, an ardent hunter who also boasted
of killing more than 1000 animals in illegal drive shootings, is serving a life
sentence in Ohio on five murder convictions.

MICHAEL CARTIER: Stalker and Murderer
In 1992, Cartier stalked and killed Kristen Lardner is Boston, Massachusetts and
then killed himself. Ina prior relationship, Cartier held his girlfriend's kitten
under a hot shower and then shaved all its hair off. Later he hurled it through
a fourth floor window to its death.

Addendum to The Humane Society of the United States
News article, Summer, 19869 by Dr. Randall Lockwood and Guy R. Hodge



Unfortunately, there is no quick fix for animal abuse, but there are
so many things we can all do to help. None of them will make
animal abuse disappear tomorrow, but every little bit helps
lower the risk further down the road.
And you don't have to be an animal "fanatic" to do it.
You don't have to be a member of every animal rights organization on earth.
There are so many things "regular"people can to do to have an impact...
Take care of the animals you have, and encourage others to do the same...
For the most part, many people's hearts are in the right place when it comes
to their pets, they simply don't know all the facts. In educating people about
how to better care for their own animals, we hear many of the same excuses,
and they don't even *realize* that they are inadvertently putting their animals
at greater risk, because no one has ever explained it to them. So the first part
is to get involved enough to educate yourself.
Then you can begin educating other people.


Volunteer/Donate to a local rescue shelter...
Not all of us have a lot of time or money at our disposal, but many people
don't realize how little it takes. Rescue shelters are always eager for any help
you can give them, and most of them are tremendously appreciative if you
can just come in a few hours a week to *play* with the animals! Obviously,
if you can do more, you definitely should. But the point is that the overall
perception of what's involved with "volunteering" always is that it has to
consume huge quantities of your life. Its great if you're in a position
where it *can*, but even a few hours a week can make a difference.

And most importantly, be creative! If you have a little extra time, help the
rescue shelters organize car washes, bake sales, whatever else you can
think of to help them raise funding for the work that they do. With a group
of people working on it, it doesn't need to consume your life. Sometimes all
they need is someone to think of the idea!

Monetary donations help to care for the animals and the facilities,
but many times they also help Fund educational programs that the
shelters are running to try to stop abuse through long term education.
Many people participate in "planned giving" through their wills, specifying
that a portion of their estate/assets is donated to their favorite shelters
and abuse prevention education programs after they have passed away.

The Connection Between Animal Cruelty and Human Violence
Information Provided by the Humane Society's First Strike Campaign
Animal Cruelty and Human Violence- The studies show that there is a link between these two forms of abuse. This information was gathered from the Humane Society's First Strike Campaign which provides accurate information and statistics on the topic.

Animal Cruelty and Human Violence: The Connection

- The US Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that in 1996 ther were 9.1 million violent crimes committed in the US.

- A study in 1997 by the MSPCA and Northeastern University found that seventy percent of all animal abusers have committed at least one other criminal offense and that almost forty percent had committed violent crimes against people.

- Forty eight percent of convicted rapists and thirty percent of convicted child molesters admitted, in a 1986 study, that they had perpetrated acts of animal cruelty in their childhood or adolescence.

- A history of animal abuse was found in twenty five percent of agressive male criminals, thirty percent of convicted child molesters, thirty six percent of those who assaulted women and forty six percent of those who committed sexual homicide.

Animal Cruelty and Domestic Violence:

- Every fifteen seconds a woman is battered.

- In three surveys that were conducted by women's shelters in WI ans UT (late 1990's) an average of 74% of pet owning women reported that a pet had been threatened, injured, or killed by their abuser.

- New York's Buffalo Police Depratment and SPCA of Eerie County were able to find that one third of the residences with animal abuse caomplaints also had domestic violence complaints.

- A safehouse in Utah found that twenty percent of women delayed leaving their abusive situation out of fear that their pet would be harmed.

- The same survey found that children witnessed the animal abuse in more than sixty percent of the cases and thirty two percent of women reported that one or more of their children have hurt or killed a pet.

Animal Cruelty and Child Abuse:

- According to a report by the United States Board on Child Abuse and Neglect in 1991, more than 2.5 million American Children suffer from abuse and neglect.

- In a 1983 survey of New Jersey families reported for child abuse, it was found tha in 88% of the families, at least one person abused animals.

- This study also found that in 2/3 of the cases, the abusive parent had injured or killed a pet, and in 1/3 of the cases it was the childen who were the abusers.

- In Great Britain, a study conducted by the Royal SPCA found that 83% of families with a history of animal abuse had also been identified by socila service agencies as at risk for child abuse and neglect.

For more information, visit the Humane Society's web site at: